Greece must pursue urgent reform to tackle “explosive” debt levels

Mark Sands Greece must pursue urgent reform to tackle “explosive” debt levels whatsapp whatsapp GREECE will continue negotiations on how to cut its staggering debts after Eurogroup officials agreed yesterday to a new summit in March.The country needs access to the latest tranche of its €86bn bailout from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the EU in order to meet debt repayments. by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeCustomize Watch Gift”To My Husband” Customize Watch GiftCustomize Watch Gifttrendybuzz14 Efficient Arm Workouts To Build Might & Muscle .trendybuzzWolf & ShepherdNFL Star Rob Gronkowski Loves These ShoesWolf & ShepherdArticles SkillFind Out Why Viewers Think You Shouldn’t Trust This News AnchorArticles SkillcarammelloWhat are the top 10 most expensive cat breeds in the world ? – CarammellocarammelloCloud Storage | Sponsored LinkCloud Data Storage Might Be Cheaper Than You ThinkCloud Storage | Sponsored LinkEnanow12 Make-up Mistakes That Are Actually Aging YouEnanowbewadaFailed Celebs Who Lost It All And Work Normal Jobs Nowbewadaanymuscle.com15 Foods You Should Never Eat If You Don’t Want At the core of yesterday’s announcement to give Greece more time to negotiate is an agreement between the two groups and the Greek government, which has refused to reform pensions.The IMF had warned Greece must undergo an overhaul of state pensions to meet a commitment of a surplus of 3.5 per cent of GDP before debt costs from 2018.Read More: Greek bailout delay could result in re-rerun of 2015, says governorThe IMF has labelled current Greek debt levels as explosive, and said the proposed reforms would only produce a 1.5 per cent surplus and that income and labour market reforms were needed too.But Eurogroup finance ministers insist the plans keep Greece on track for the 3.5 per cent target. Read More: A tale of two Eurozones: Greater Germany and Club Med are slowly divorcingThe head of Eurogroup finance ministers Jeroen Dijsselbloem said: “There will be a change in the policy mix, moving away from austerity and putting more emphasis on deep reforms which is also a key element for the IMF.”Dijsselbloem declined to comment on the scale of savings the new reforms would produce.“I cannot put a number on it because the figures are still moving and some discussions on the figures are still ongoing, so the final figure of the size of this will have to be established during the review,” Dijsselbloem said. Share Monday 20 February 2017 11:23 pm More From Our Partners Astounding Fossil Discovery in California After Man Looks Closelygoodnewsnetwork.orgBiden received funds from top Russia lobbyist before Nord Stream 2 giveawaynypost.comPolice Capture Elusive Tiger Poacher After 20 Years of Pursuing the Huntergoodnewsnetwork.orgA ProPublica investigation has caused outrage in the U.S. this weekvaluewalk.comFlorida woman allegedly crashes children’s birthday party, rapes teennypost.comRussell Wilson, AOC among many voicing support for Naomi Osakacbsnews.comNative American Tribe Gets Back Sacred Island Taken 160 Years Agogoodnewsnetwork.org980-foot skyscraper sways in China, prompting panic and evacuationsnypost.comBrave 7-Year-old Boy Swims an Hour to Rescue His Dad and Little Sistergoodnewsnetwork.orgMark Eaton, former NBA All-Star, dead at 64nypost.comUK teen died on school trip after teachers allegedly refused her pleasnypost.comInside Ashton Kutcher and Mila Kunis’ not-so-average farmhouse estatenypost.comI blew off Adam Sandler 22 years ago — and it’s my biggest regretnypost.comWhy people are finding dryer sheets in their mailboxesnypost.comKiller drone ‘hunted down a human target’ without being told tonypost.comMatt Gaetz swindled by ‘malicious actors’ in $155K boat sale boondogglenypost.comFeds seized 18 devices from Rudy Giuliani and his employees in April‘Neighbor from hell’ faces new charges after scaring off home read more

Owing back taxes and rent, Craig Cable TV cuts its own cable

first_imgBusiness | Local Government | SoutheastOwing back taxes and rent, Craig Cable TV cuts its own cableApril 7, 2016 by Leila Kheiry, KRBD Share:(Creative Commons photo by Steve Johnson)Cable television customers in Craig are without service as of late last week after Craig Cable TV closed up shop.The Prince of Wales Island company has shut down in response to owing about $60,000 in back sales taxes and rent payments to the City of Craig.Craig City Manager Jon Bolling said the city filed a civil lawsuit last year against Craig Cable TV and its owner, Donald Natkong Sr. of Hydaburg, in Alaska Superior Court. While the official ruling from Judge David George is not yet filed, Bolling said the case recently went in the city’s favor.Bolling, who declined to be recorded for this report, said the city is pursuing what is owed by the company.According to the complaint filed in court by the City of Craig, that includes payments for property that Craig Cable TV leased from the city for its operations. The monthly rent for that property, including tax, was $476. Payment had not been made since March of 2013, and the back rent plus interest was nearly $12,000 when the lawsuit was filed in March of 2015.The complaint also detailed how much taxable income the business has had over the past several years, and the amount of sales tax that should have been collected and paid as a result.Each quarter, businesses must file sales tax returns along with the payment owed. Craig Cable TV’s taxable income is at least $30,000 each quarter. Starting in the fourth quarter of 2011, Natkong started having trouble paying the sales tax collected from customers.According to the complaint, some partial payments of sales taxes were made, but Bolling said at a certain point, even those stopped. Around that same time, Craig Cable TV stopped filing any sales tax returns at all. That means city officials used previous returns to estimate the taxable income for each quarter since that time. Each late or missing payment also led to penalties and interest, adding even more to the total owed by the company.There was no answer at the two Hydaburg phone numbers listed for Donald Natkong Sr., and nobody returned a message left by KRBD on the voicemail for one of those numbers. There was no answer and no voicemail option at number listed for the business.Natkong’s attorney, Michael Nash of Wrangell, said that it was with great sadness that the Natkong family decided to close the cable business.“They were simply unable to continue to pay the sales tax and lease on the property where they have their receivers and electronics,” he said. “The City of Craig brought suit against them, and they failed to respond to the suit in a timely manner. As a consequence, the court found that they were in default. The result is, they will have to shut down and they will have to remove their equipment.”Nash said while there is still some dispute over a few of the numbers claimed in the lawsuit, the family intends to pay back the City of Craig.Bolling said Craig Cable TV was the only cable company for the city, although there is satellite TV available. He wasn’t sure how many customers have been affected by the closure.Share this story:last_img read more

Chatting to the Queen about the smartphone era

first_img Share Show Comments ▼ Chatting to the Queen about the smartphone era Tags: NULL The boss of Imagination tells Ollie Gordon how he discussed tech with Elizabeth IIIT WASN’T something I was expecting, it was hugely humbling,” says Sir Hossein Yassaie of the knighthood he received from the Queen in the New Year’s Honours list last year in recognition of his services to technology and innovation. Yassaie, the chief executive of British semiconductor company Imagination Technologies, adds: “The actual visit to the Palace and meeting the Queen was very, very interesting. We had a fascinating chat about the rise of the smartphone. “Personally, it’s a really big deal to come from another country and be recognised in this way, and it has really raised my respect for Britain. It’s also great to see technology celebrated, which will hopefully encourage more kids to go study electronics and computer science.”A British national since 1984, Yassaie came to the UK from Iran in 1976. He joined Imagination in 1992, quickly rising through the ranks to be named CEO six years later. He subsequently refocused the business on advanced technology development and created its successful silicon intellectual property business model, with the company growing rapidly into its current FTSE-250 shoes.But that growth has stalled of late, and Imagination’s results for the first half of the year, published yesterday, reflect that slowdown. The Apple supplier saw its adjusted operating profits plummet 75 per cent year-on-year to £5m, with half-year group revenues down £3m to £82.2m. The decline has come as a bearish mobile chip market has combined with a period in which Imagination has poured money into developing its multimedia and computer processing platforms.“We’ve had a certain transition period because we’ve been investing heavily in the core technologies,” says Yassaie. “And if you go back a couple of years, there was change in the mobile market that saw some of our customers exit because they though it was too hard. “In mobile chips, there is a small number of big customers, and a number of those customers chose to exit because it was either win a lot or lose a lot. And, for us, losing customers like that slowed down our revenues. But, quite frankly, to go through all those changes, maintain our investments, and still deliver $5m profit is not really bad going.”And investors appear to agree. The company’s stock surged over 16 per cent in trading yesterday following publication of the firm’s figures. Investors were buoyed by results that were not as weak as analysts had expected, as well as the company’s confirmation that its investment phase is finally at an end. “Now that our product lines are complete and the heavy investment phase is over, we expect to see lower rates of operating cost growth going forward and increased focus on financial returns,” said Yassaie. “Our market relevant and complementary technologies combined with our increased scale enable us to take advantage of natural leverage to improve the financial performance of our business. As a result we now expect to see significant expansion in operating margins in the medium-term.”So it seems that for Yassaie and Imagination the braces are now off and, although there are still some lingering aches and pains, life is only going to get better. Express KCS center_img Tuesday 16 December 2014 8:57 pm whatsapp whatsapp last_img read more

Incident of Critical Slogans Against Kim Jong Il” in Hamheung Grand…

first_img News AvatarKwon Jeong Hyun US dollar and Chinese reminbi plummet against North Korean won once again RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR NewsEconomy Incident of Critical Slogans Against Kim Jong Il” in Hamheung Grand Theatre News North Korea Market Price Update: June 8, 2021 (Rice and USD Exchange Rate Only) center_img There are signs that North Korea is running into serious difficulties with its corn harvest By Kwon Jeong Hyun – 2006.02.08 10:20am News SHARE [imText1]The anti-Kim Jong Il movement within North Korea has been brought to our attention in the past 2-3 years. Following the Huiryeong Anti-regime movement activities, (reported November 2004), a recent testimony traces an incident where “anti-Kim Jong Il slogans were found on the walls of the Grand Theatre in Hamheung on the birthday of Kim Il Sung (April 15) in 2003. As a result, the State Security Agency conducted a general inspection.” The testifiers, Kwon Sang Ho, (pseudonym, age 25) and his mother, defectors in China who were originally residents of Hamheung, met with The DailyNK on February 2.Kwon said, “Three slogans were hung on the wall, they read, ‘Kim Jong Il destroyed North Korea’, ‘Open Hamheung as Rajin’ and ‘Reformation and Liberalization is the only way to life.’ The letters were as big as a child’s face.” ”Although there were many incidents such as the samizdat incident and writings on the walls, the slogans were hung only a few days before the birthday of Kim Il Sung, so it was taken very seriously. The National Safety and Security Office also had a difficult time in investigating it,” said Kwon and his mother, Kim. Following is the conversation with Kwon and Kim in full text. – Where did the slogan incident take place? They were found in April 2003, on the walls of the Grand Theatre in Hamheung. Behind the theatre is Eunjung 1-dong, and the slogans had been written on the walls along the main road from Osu Bridge of Sunchun River to the station. – When and who found the slogans? The first person who reported it was the people’s leader of Eunjung 1-dong. He found the slogans at 8a.m. and reported it to the State Security Agency, and the officials of the agency covered the slogans with cloth and took pictures of them. It was a few days before the birthday of Kim Il Sung and the Hamheung City Party was busy preparing for the event. The incident was considered a serious one that attempted to destroy the birthday event. In April, the sun rises at 6a.m. That means for more than two hours people saw the slogans but did not report it. That is because if you report it, the State Security Agency calls you in and make things complicated, so people may have seen it but pretended they didn’t. – What did the slogans say?There were three slogans. “Kim Jong Il destroyed North Korea”, “Open Hamheung as Rajin” and “Reformation and Liberalization is the only way to life.” The letters were as big as a child’s face.– Did they catch the person who wrote the slogans? How would they be able to in such a big city as Hamheung? Although the State Security Agency took charge of the investigation, it looks like they were not successful. The National Security Agency and the provincial Security Agency formed a joint investigation team and called in all the suspects, including some unemployed in Eunjung-dong, Hashin-dong, Sangshinheung-dong. There were so many people missing, who had left home during the food crisis, that it seemed quite difficult for them to find out who did it. They were afraid that somebody would write on the Kim Il Sung statue and laboratories so the agency officials were vigilant every night, guarding it during the 4.15 event. – They did not find out any clues about the suspects?There is nothing in particular known to people. Looking at how the Security Agency calls in only adults as suspects, it looks like it must have been adults who did it. The height of the letters and the writings look as if it were done by adults. It appears to be done by some adults who are unsatisfied with Kim Jong Il. – I heard that the (common) people are quite unsatisfied. How many unsatisfied people are out there?Since the food crisis, the people started to run their own businesses saying, “if we trust in Kim Jong Il, we will all die.” After the 7.1 Economic Measure, the high increase of price, most of the people could not run good businesses. They were forced to work and run businesses at the same time, so their anger accumulated.The people generally think the suffering they are going through is due to the political failures of Kim Jong Il. Furthermore, there are so many people who pass by Hamheung destined for Hyesan, Rajin, Sunbong, and Pyongsung that people are unable to find out whether it is the locals or outsiders who wrote them.” Kwon said apart from the samizdat incident, there were many cases of missing portraits. In 2003, portraits of Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il were found torn around the Sungchun River, which caused intense investigation by the security agency. There are many similarities found between Kwon’s testimonies on the slogan incident and the 2004 Hoiryeong anti-regime video. It appears that most of the anti-regime activities in North Korea are taking place in South Hamkyung province. Facebook Twitterlast_img read more

Two Calgary reps sanctioned

In the settlement agreement, the duo admitted that from March to June 2009, while registered representatives they: Share this article and your comments with peers on social media Mouth mechanic turned market manipulator BFI investors plead for firm’s sale Keywords Registration,  Portfolio managers,  EnforcementCompanies Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada The Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada has fined two Calgary men for conducting business as portfolio managers without being registered as such. On December 6, an IIROC hearing panel accepted a settlement agreement between IIROC staff and James Darren Delcourt and James Alexander Stewart. Delcourt and Stewart admitted that they conducted their business consistent with registration as portfolio managers without being registered as such and failed to use due diligence to ensure the acceptance of orders was within the bounds of good business practice. the requirement to re-write the Conduct and Practices Handbook (CPH); the requirement to be subject to close supervision for 3 months. Delcourt and Stewart agreed to the following penalty, imposed upon each respondent: a global fine of $30,000; Disgorgement of commissions of $14,747.78; IE Staff engaged in business conduct or practice which is unbecoming or detrimental to the public interest, in that they conducted their business consistent with registration as Portfolio Managers without being registered as such; and Failed to use due diligence to ensure that the acceptance of orders was within the bounds of good business practice. Related news PwC alleges deleted emails, unusual transactions in Bridging Finance case Delcourt and Stewart also each agreed to pay costs in the amount of $3,000. IIROC formally initiated the investigation into the pair’s conduct in March 2010. The violations occurred when they were registered representatives with the Calgary branch of Mackie Research Capital Corp. Delcourt and Stewart continue to be registered in the same capacity at the same firm. Facebook LinkedIn Twitter read more

Pre-signed forms remain a problem area for MFDA

first_imgSigning contract form BFI investors plead for firm’s sale Investigating allegations of pre-signed client forms continues to be a major focus of the Mutual Fund Dealers Association of Canada’s (MFDA) enforcement efforts.According to the MFDA’s 2019 Annual Enforcement Report, the self-regulatory organization opened 94 cases involving pre-signed forms in 2019, up from 70 cases in 2018. Pre-signed forms have been the most common allegation investigated by the MFDA in each of the past five years. Facebook LinkedIn Twitter PwC alleges deleted emails, unusual transactions in Bridging Finance case Mouth mechanic turned market manipulator Keywords EnforcementCompanies Mutual Fund Dealers Association IE Staff The MFDA launched only 78 formal proceedings in 2019 — down from a record-setting 136 proceedings in 2018 — but allegations of pre-signed forms accounted for 47% of those proceedings.In its report, the MFDA acknowledged that most cases of pre-signed forms were done “for the purposes of client or advisor convenience,” but added that some of the proceedings launched in 2019 involved additional violations, such as discretionary trading, unauthorized trading or misappropriation.Other problem areas for the MFDA in 2019 included allegations of unsuitable investment advice (38 cases opened) and breaches of MFDA business standards (also 38 cases opened).Throughout 2019, the MFDA completed 120 disciplinary proceedings, resulting in 22 permanent prohibitions, 56 suspensions and total fines of $9.3 million. About one-third (32%) of the proceedings involved seniors or vulnerable persons.By comparison, the MFDA completed 132 disciplinary proceedings in 2018, but those proceedings resulted in fewer sanctions — just over $6 million in fines, 19 permanent bans and 41 suspensions. Related news Share this article and your comments with peers on social medialast_img read more

Australia’s Fresh Produce Markets join Hort Connections 2021 as exclusive Trade Show sponsor

first_imgAustralia’s Fresh Produce Markets join Hort Connections 2021 as exclusive Trade Show sponsor AUSVEGAustralia’s Fresh Produce Markets, the collaboration between Fresh Markets Australia (FMA) and Central Markets Association of Australia (CMAA), has been announced as official Hort Connections 2021 Trade Show sponsor.Australia’s Fresh Produce Markets has come on board as the latest co-host for Hort Connections 2021, which will be held at the Brisbane Convention and Exhibition Centre from 7-9 June 2021. The event will bring members from all sectors of the horticulture industry together, including growers, supply chain members, government stakeholders and industry service providers, to celebrate the International Year of Fruits and Vegetables.AUSVEG National Marketing Manager Nathan McIntyre said that having the industry body for fresh produce markets sign up as the Hort Connections Trade Show sponsor for the fourth time will provide further opportunities for the event to reach a wider number of industry members.“We are thrilled that the FMA and CMAA collaboration has once again signed on as co-host and Trade Show sponsor for Hort Connections. Its presence at the trade show has been a focal point of the trade show for many years and the organisation represents a large and critical sector of the horticulture industry,” said Mr McIntyre.“We hope that having Australia’s Fresh Produce Markets back for Hort Connections 2021 enables the conference to reassert itself as the place to be for the Australian fruit and vegetable industry.”“It was a difficult decision to postpone the event last year, but feedback we are hearing from industry at the moment is that people are keen to meet up in person to celebrate the International Year of Fruits and Vegetables and reconnect after a tumultuous 18 months that has resulted in significant hardship for many growers and their businesses, and tested the industry’s resolve.”Fresh Markets Australia Chairman Shane Schnitzler said that it was important for the broader industry to take the opportunity to meet with friends and colleagues from across the sector and forge new connections to strengthen their business networks.“Hort Connections 2021 will be a true celebration for what the industry has achieved and how growers, central markets and the broader supply chain have banded together to ensure continuous supply of fruits and vegetables in the face of unprecedented challenges,” said Mr Schnitzler.“We are proud to continue supporting the industry through the sponsorship of the Hort Connections Trade Show and encourage as many people from across the supply chain to attend to learn about the latest innovations and technologies in the industry, and to connect over the challenges everyone has faced, which in many respects have made the industry even more resilient.”The Hort Connections team is working with people on-the-ground at the Brisbane Convention and Exhibition Centre and in the wider Brisbane community to ensure the experience for delegates is safe and enjoyable. /Public Release. This material comes from the originating organization and may be of a point-in-time nature, edited for clarity, style and length. Why?Well, unlike many news organisations, we have no sponsors, no corporate or ideological interests. We don’t put up a paywall – we believe in free access to information of public interest. Media ownership in Australia is one of the most concentrated in the world (Learn more). Since the trend of consolidation is and has historically been upward, fewer and fewer individuals or organizations control increasing shares of the mass media in our country. According to independent assessment, about 98% of the media sector is held by three conglomerates. This tendency is not only totally unacceptable, but also to a degree frightening). Learn more hereWe endeavour to provide the community with real-time access to true unfiltered news firsthand from primary sources. It is a bumpy road with all sorties of difficulties. We can only achieve this goal together. Our website is open to any citizen journalists and organizations who want to contribute, publish high-quality insights or send media releases to improve public access to impartial information. You and we have the right to know, learn, read, hear what and how we deem appropriate.Your support is greatly appreciated. All donations are kept completely private and confidential.Thank you in advance!Tags:Australia, Australian, Brisbane, business, Central, community, conference, Exhibition, fruits, Government, horticulture, industry, meet, supply chain, trade, vegetableslast_img read more

Federal Budget delivers plan for jobs across Sydney’s Inner West

first_imgFederal Budget delivers plan for jobs across Sydney’s Inner West The Morrison Government’s Budget is securing Sydney’s economic recovery through protecting jobs today and making it easier for locals to get a job or for local businesses to hire someone tomorrow.Minister for Employment, Workforce, Skills, Small and Family Business, Stuart Robert, joined Fiona Martin, the Member for Reid, to tour the Toohey’s Beer Factory and meet with business leaders and Clubs from across Sydney’s Inner-West to talk about how the Federal Budget will drive jobs and skills.The Federal Budget guarantees around 77,900 taxpayers in Reid will keep more of what they earn benefiting from tax relief of up to $2,745 this year. The Morrison Government’s Tax Plan has already benefited 93,200 residents across the electorate – getting more of taxpayers’ own money out of government hands in Canberra and back into the local community.The Morrison Government is expanding its $1 billion JobTrainer Fund, to continue the delivery of low fee or free training places in areas of skills need. JobTrainer will help ensure Australians can access critical skills and support more than 450,000 new places to upskill job seekers and young people across the country. To date the government has supported over 114,600 people reskill through JobTrainer funded courses with women making up 56 per cent of enrolments.The Federal Budget is also extending the highly successful Boosting Apprenticeship Commencements wage subsidy for a further six months to support new apprentices and trainees who commence by 31 March 2022. The $2.7 billion investment is supporting the employment of newly commencing apprentices and trainees, assisting school leavers and job seekers during the peak hiring period for key industries. To date over 141,000 apprentices have been supported through this program. With an existing cohort of 1,405 apprentices in Reid the new measures will lead to more opportunities for apprentices and trainees right across the Inner-West.The Morrison Government is also backing in small businesses in Reid through continuing tax incentives that will allow around 29,800 businesses in the electorate to write off the full value of any eligible asset they purchase.Additionally, around 13,900 businesses across Reid will be able to use the extended loss carry back measure to support cash flow and confidence. This has helped businesses invest more in the local economy and to create local jobs. The tax-free Cashflow boost has helped around 8,400 small and medium businesses providing $351 million in payments to help businesses in Reid to stay afloat.Minister Robert said the Federal Budget outlined the Morrison Government’s economic plan to back jobs for Australians across Sydney and secure the city’s economic recovery.‘We recognise that Sydney’s Inner-West was hit hard by the COVID Recession so the Morrison Government was there with JobKeeper supporting 9,800 local businesses and 33,600Workers across Reid. We kept those workers connected to their jobs and now we are well on the road to recovery’ he said.‘At the end of the day we want to ensure every single person in Sydney has the opportunity to get into a job, skill up for the next job or indeed hire someone in their’.Member for Reid, Dr Fiona Martin said the Inner West was well on its comeback from the Covid-19 Recession.‘While many businesses are still doing it tough across the Inner West it’s clear our local economy is well on its way to recovery and the Federal Budget backs in local businesses to secure our economic recovery.’‘Whether it’s our tax investment incentives, our wage subsidies for apprentices or our JobTrainer fund to upskill Australians we are giving the Inner-West the support it needs to secure its recovery.’ /Public Release. This material comes from the originating organization and may be of a point-in-time nature, edited for clarity, style and length. View in full here. Why?Well, unlike many news organisations, we have no sponsors, no corporate or ideological interests. We don’t put up a paywall – we believe in free access to information of public interest. Media ownership in Australia is one of the most concentrated in the world (Learn more). Since the trend of consolidation is and has historically been upward, fewer and fewer individuals or organizations control increasing shares of the mass media in our country. According to independent assessment, about 98% of the media sector is held by three conglomerates. This tendency is not only totally unacceptable, but also to a degree frightening). Learn more hereWe endeavour to provide the community with real-time access to true unfiltered news firsthand from primary sources. It is a bumpy road with all sorties of difficulties. We can only achieve this goal together. Our website is open to any citizen journalists and organizations who want to contribute, publish high-quality insights or send media releases to improve public access to impartial information. You and we have the right to know, learn, read, hear what and how we deem appropriate.Your support is greatly appreciated. All donations are kept completely private and confidential.Thank you in advance!Tags:apprenticeship, AusPol, Australia, Canberra, community, education, employment, Federal, federal budget, Government, Investment, JobKeeper, Morrison, Morrison Government, recession, Skills, Small Business, Sydney, workforcelast_img read more

Ancient bipedal hominid dubbed ‘Nutcracker Man’ preferred grass to nuts, new study finds

first_imgAn ancient, bipedal hominid sporting a set of powerful jaws and huge molars that earned it the nickname “Nutcracker Man” likely didn’t crack nuts at all, preferring instead to slurp up vast quantities of grasses and sedges, says a new study.The hominid, known as Paranthropus boisei, ranged across the African landscape more than 1 million years ago and lived side-by-side with direct ancestors of humans, said University of Colorado Boulder anthropology Professor Matt Sponheimer, a study co-author. It was long assumed Paranthropus boisei favored nuts, seeds and hard fruit because of its huge jaws, powerful jaw muscles and the biggest and flattest molars of any known hominid in the anthropological record, he said.In the last several years, research on the wear marks of teeth from Paranthropus boisei by other research teams has indicated it likely was eating items like soft fruit and grasses, said Sponheimer. That evidence, combined with the new study that measured the carbon isotopes embedded in fossil teeth to infer diet, indicates the rugged jaw and large, flat tooth structure may have been just the ticket for Paranthropus boisei to mow down and swallow huge amounts of grasses or sedges at a single sitting, he said.”Frankly, we didn’t expect to find the primate equivalent of a cow dangling from a remote twig of our family tree,” said Sponheimer.Published in the May 2 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the study was led by University of Utah Professor Thure Cerling. Other authors included Emma Mbua, Frances Kirera, Fredrick Manthi and Meave Leakey from the National Museums of Kenya, Fredrick Grine from Stony Brook University in New York and Kevin Uno from the University of Utah.”Fortunately for us, the work of several research groups over the last several years has begun to soften prevailing notions of early hominid diets,” said Sponheimer. “If we had presented our new results at a scientific meeting 20 years ago, we would have been laughed out of the room.”For the new study, the researchers removed tiny amounts of enamel from 22 Paranthropus boisei teeth collected in central and northern Kenya, each of which contained carbon isotopes absorbed from the types of food eaten during the lifetime of each individual. In tropical environments, virtually all trees and bushes — including fruits and leaves — use the so-called C3 photosynthetic pathway to convert sunlight into energy, while savannah grasses and some sedges use the C4 photosynthetic pathway.The isotope analysis indicated Paranthropus boisei individuals were much bigger fans of C4 grasses and sedges than C3 trees, shrubs and bushes. The results indicated the collective diet of the 22 individuals averaged about 77 percent grasses and sedges for a period lasting at least 500,000 years, said Sponheimer.The research team also compared the carbon isotope ratios of Paranthropus teeth with the teeth of other grazing mammals living at the same time and in the same area, including ancestral zebras, hippos, warthogs and pigs. The results indicated those mammals were eating primarily C4 grasses, virtually identical to Paranthropus boisei. “They were eating at the same table,” said Cerling.Paranthropus was part of a line of close human relatives known as australopithecines that includes the famous 3-million-year-old Ethiopian fossil Lucy, seen by some as the matriarch of modern humans. Roughly 2.5 million years ago, the australopithecines are thought to have split into the genus Homo — which produced modern Homo sapiens — and the genus Paranthropus, that dead-ended, said Sponheimer.”One key result is that this hominid had a diet fundamentally different from that of all living apes, and, by extension, favored very different environments,” he said. “And having a good idea of where these ancient creatures lived and what they ate helps us understand why some early hominids left descendants and others did not.”The first skull of a Paranthropus boisei individual was discovered by co-author Meave Leakey’s in-laws, Mary and Louis Leakey, in 1959 in Tanzania.In 2006, a team led by Sponheimer found that a cousin of Paranthropus boisei known as Paranthropus robustus had a far more diverse diet than once believed, clouding the notion that it was driven to extinction by its picky eating habits. Published in Science magazine, the study showed that Paranthropus robustus had a diverse diet ranging from fruits and nuts to sedges, grasses, seeds and perhaps even animals.So what led to the end of the line for Paranthropus? It could well have been direct competition with Homo — which was becoming skilled in extensive bone and stone technology — or it could have been a variety of other issues, including a slower reproductive rate for Paranthropus than for Homo, he said.The new study was funded by the National Science Foundation and the CU-Boulder Dean’s Fund for Excellence. Published: May 2, 2011 Share Share via TwitterShare via FacebookShare via LinkedInShare via E-mail Paranthropus boisei, an ancient human relative that was nicknamed “Nutcracker Man” because of its powerful jaws and large, flat teeth, did not eat nuts but instead dined primarily on grasses, according to a new study involving CU-Boulder. Skull photo courtesy of the National Museums of Kenya. 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Faculty, instructors: As you start the new semester, keep accessibility in mind

first_imgPublished: Jan. 17, 2019 As you start the new semester, keep accessibility in mind! Creating course materials that are accessible helps all students in your classes, including students with disabilities. Use this checklist to help you get started, and feel free to reach out to OIT for more details at 303-735-4357 (5-HELP from a campus phone) or [email protected]’s:Ensure your syllabus is accessible by using the accessible syllabus template [.docx]. If you would prefer to remediate your existing syllabus to make it accessible, consult our accessible document guides or contact [email protected] for guidance.Make sure your syllabus contains CU Boulder’s required disability accommodation statement.For any digital software or service that students are required to use in your course, please determine the accessibility status of the software. For software supported by the Office of Information Technology, please check the list of accessibility pages for OIT software. To determine the accessibility status of any additional software, please contact the Digital Accessibility Office at [email protected] the software is not accessible or has not been reviewed for accessibility, please provide notice to students using the syllabus statement below.Syllabus statement:This course requires the use of [name & description of tool], which is currently not accessible to users of assistive technology or has not yet been evaluated for accessibility. If you use assistive technology to access the course material, please contact your faculty member and Disability Services at 303-492-8671 or by e-mail at [email protected] as soon as possible to discuss other effective means for providing equal alternate access.If you receive an accommodation request from a student in your course for a captioning accommodation, notify the captioning service using the online captioning request form.Go Above and Beyond For Your Students:Consult CU Boulder’s resources on accessibility best practices and guidelines for educators.Review the accessibility of your course content using the Canvas Accessibility Checker.Implement recommendations from the accessible content guide for Canvas.Consult the Universal Design Checklist for Educators for specific advice on designing and authoring accessible digital content like PowerPoints, PDFs, and Word documents.Learn about implementing Universal Design teaching practices in the classroom.Caption video content used in your courses. Email [email protected] for a consultation or to schedule captioning training, or review our YouTube captioning tutorials to caption on your own.Investigate the accessibility of your digital publisher-generated content using our E-Text Accessibility Evaluation Guide.For additional resources related to accessibility and universal design for teaching and learning, please go to the Accessible Technology page. There you can also learn more about CU Boulder’s Accessibility Policy and Standards.If you would like to learn more or have questions about digital accessibility, please contact the IT Service Center at [email protected] or call 303-735-4357 (5-HELP from a campus phone).last_img read more