The first Croatian campaign was launched in the premises of HUB385 Funderbeam SEE-a. Technology startup Include, a Croatian manufacturer of “smart benches”, is the first domestic company to seek investment through this innovative platform for raising capital and trading shares. The successful Solin startup has announced that it is raising up to 400.000 euros for business development.The campaign was presented by Urmas Peiker, one of the founders of Funderbeam, Ivana Gažić, President of the Management Board of the Zagreb Stock Exchange, Ivana Šoljan, co-founder of HUB385, and Ivan Mrvoš, founder and director of Include. “By establishing Funderbeam SEE with partners from Estonia, we wanted to enable young companies in the early stages of their work to access the necessary capital through group financing. In Croatia and the region, there are individuals and companies with great ideas, but also investors with enough capital, as evidenced by the continuous growth of savings. The time to invest in such companies is ideal given the historically low interest rates. Such companies will be the bearers of the economy for years to come and it is therefore extremely important to keep them in the environment in which they originated and provide them with access to the capital needed for growth and developmentj ”said Ivana Gažić.Funderbeam is a global platform on which startup companies can raise funds, and investors after the initial investment phase can trade their shares thanks to an innovative system based on blockchain technology. The value of Funderbeam was also recognized by Skype founder Jaan Tallinn, one of the first investors in the company.The first Croatian startup that will raise funds through Funderbeam is the technology company Include from Solin, the manufacturer of the so-called smart benches. Ivan Mrvoš, 21-year-old founder and director of Include, explained why he decided to raise capital through Funderbeam. “After two years of financing the business solely by selling benches, it’s time to go a step further. I think that the results so far have shown that the product is recognized in the market and that we have a quality team of young people who are able to turn this story into a serious ‘business’. I am glad that the Zagreb Stock Exchange gave us the opportunity to be the first Croatian ‘startup’ on the platform and I believe that we will realize the desired expectations. ” Mrvos points outInclude is headquartered in Solin, the company was founded in 2014 and currently employs 15 young people, mostly local professionals. In 2016 alone, 132 benches were sold in nine countries, and the plan for 2017 is to expand into new markets and sell almost 700 benches. Apart from Croatia, smart benches have been set up in BiH, Austria, Germany, Switzerland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Sweden, but also in the USA and Australia. The maximum target amount of funds raised through Funderbeam is € 400.000. “Our smart bench is currently one of the most advanced and complex products on the market when it comes to IoT devices. Energy comes entirely from solar modules, wired and wireless charging of the device, free internet access, night light and seat cooling in summer days are enabled. Customers also have access to our platform through which they have insight into the operation of their benches, location, alarms and readings from sensors such as air quality or number of users, and will soon be able to remotely upgrade the system.Mrvos added.Ivan Mrvoš and employees of the company Include from SolinInclude is a high-tech company based in Solin. They produced the first smart bench in Europe in 2015 and sold almost a hundred in the first year. Include’s goal is to become a global leader in creating innovative solutions for the everyday needs of citizens.
Share For this study, researchers analyzed data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey of 11,113 children who were in kindergarten during the 2011-2012 school year. As part of the study by the National Center for Education Statistics, lifestyle factors that could affect a child’s educational performance were collected from parents, including the number of hours of television children watched on weekdays and weekends, and how often they used computers. In addition, children’s weight and height were measured.A year later, 10,853 of the children’s height and weight were measured, and parents again were asked about their child’s TV habits.Results showed that U.S. kindergartners watched an average of 3.3 hours of TV a day. Both kindergartners and first-graders who watched one to two hours or more than two hours daily had significantly higher body mass indexes than those who watched less than 30 minutes or 30-60 minutes a day, even after adjusting for socioeconomic status, race/ethnicity and computer use.In both kindergarten and first grade, children viewing as little as one hour of TV daily were 50-60 percent more likely to be overweight and 58 percent to 73 percent more likely to be obese compared to those watching less than an hour. Computer use, however, was not associated with higher weight.Furthermore, children who watched one hour or more of TV daily were 39 percent more likely to become overweight and 86 percent more likely to become obese between kindergarten and first grade.“Given overwhelming evidence connecting the amount of time TV viewing and unhealthy weight, pediatricians and parents should attempt to restrict childhood TV viewing,” said study author Mark D. DeBoer, MD, MSc, MCR, associate professor of pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, University of Virginia.The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends limiting children and teens to less than two hours of screen time each day. Dr. DeBoer, however, said even that might be too much.“Given the data presented in this study, the AAP may wish to lower its recommended TV viewing allowances,” he said. Pinterest Share on Twitter LinkedIn Email Share on Facebook New research shows that it doesn’t take much for kids to be considered couch potatoes.Kindergartners and first-graders who watched as little as one hour of television a day were more likely to be overweight or obese compared to children who watched TV for less than 60 minutes each day, according to a study to be presented Sunday, April 26 at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) annual meeting in San Diego.Efforts to fight the childhood obesity epidemic have focused on getting kids to be more active. Previous studies have shown that children who watch a lot of TV are at risk for being overweight. However, studies have not looked specifically at the link between TV watching and obesity among kindergartners.
Some decisions arouse far more anxiety than others. Among the most anxiety-provoking are those that involve options with both positive and negative elements, such choosing to take a higher-paying job in a city far from family and friends, versus choosing to stay put with less pay.MIT researchers have now identified a neural circuit that appears to underlie decision-making in this type of situation, which is known as approach-avoidance conflict. The findings could help researchers to discover new ways to treat psychiatric disorders that feature impaired decision-making, such as depression, schizophrenia, and borderline personality disorder.“In order to create a treatment for these types of disorders, we need to understand how the decision-making process is working,” says Alexander Friedman, a research scientist at MIT’s McGovern Institute for Brain Research and the lead author of a paper describing the findings in the May 28 issue of Cell. LinkedIn Share on Facebook Email Share Share on Twitter Pinterest Friedman and colleagues also demonstrated the first step toward developing possible therapies for these disorders: By manipulating this circuit in rodents, they were able to transform a preference for lower-risk, lower-payoff choices to a preference for bigger payoffs despite their bigger costs.The paper’s senior author is Ann Graybiel, an MIT Institute Professor and member of the McGovern Institute. Other authors are postdoc Daigo Homma, research scientists Leif Gibb and Ken-ichi Amemori, undergraduates Samuel Rubin and Adam Hood, and technical assistant Michael Riad.Making hard choicesThe new study grew out of an effort to figure out the role of striosomes — clusters of cells distributed through the the striatum, a large brain region involved in coordinating movement and emotion and implicated in some human disorders. Graybiel discovered striosomes many years ago, but their function had remained mysterious, in part because they are so small and deep within the brain that it is difficult to image them with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).Previous studies from Graybiel’s lab identified regions of the brain’s prefrontal cortex that project to striosomes. These regions have been implicated in processing emotions, so the researchers suspected that this circuit might also be related to emotion.To test this idea, the researchers studied mice as they performed five different types of behavioral tasks, including an approach-avoidance scenario. In that situation, rats running a maze had to choose between one option that included strong chocolate, which they like, and bright light, which they don’t, and an option with dimmer light but weaker chocolate.When humans are forced to make these kinds of cost-benefit decisions, they usually experience anxiety, which influences the choices they make. “This type of task is potentially very relevant to anxiety disorders,” Gibb says. “If we could learn more about this circuitry, maybe we could help people with those disorders.”The researchers also tested rats in four other scenarios in which the choices were easier and less fraught with anxiety.“By comparing performance in these five tasks, we could look at cost-benefit decision-making versus other types of decision-making, allowing us to reach the conclusion that cost-benefit decision-making is unique,” Friedman says.Using optogenetics, which allowed them to turn cortical input to the striosomes on or off by shining light on the cortical cells, the researchers found that the circuit connecting the cortex to the striosomes plays a causal role in influencing decisions in the approach-avoidance task, but none at all in other types of decision-making.When the researchers shut off input to the striosomes from the cortex, they found that the rats began choosing the high-risk, high-reward option as much as 20 percent more often than they had previously chosen it. If the researchers stimulated input to the striosomes, the rats began choosing the high-cost, high-reward option less often.Emotional gatekeeperThe findings suggest that the striatum, and the striosomes in particular, may act as a gatekeeper that absorbs sensory and emotional information coming from the cortex and integrates it to produce a decision on how to react, the researchers say.That gatekeeper circuit also appears to include a part of the midbrain called the substantia nigra, which has dopamine-containing cells that play an important role in motivation and movement. The researchers believe that when activated by input from the striosomes, these substantia nigra cells produce a long-term effect on an animal or human patient’s decision-making attitudes.“We would so like to find a way to use these findings to relieve anxiety disorder, and other disorders in which mood and emotion are affected,” Graybiel says. “That kind of work has a real priority to it.”In addition to pursuing possible treatments for anxiety disorders, the researchers are now trying to better understand the role of the dopamine-containing substantia nigra cells in this circuit, which plays a critical role in Parkinson’s disease and may also be involved in related disorders.
LinkedIn According to Srivastava, this effect can occur when people see themselves as part of a valuable group but worry that others won’t see them that way. “A high-performing woman might, for example, worry about being devalued because of her association with a low-performing female subordinate,” he explains. “This might lead her to undervalue the subordinate’s contributions.”Srivastava and Sherman analyzed 1,701 full-time employees in the U.S. who worked for a leading firm in the information services industry between 2005 and 2009. The researchers had access to complete employment data: salary, reporting structure, annual performance evaluations, and demographic information. For example, the average age of employees was 43; average length of employment was 8.85 years; and merit increases ranged from 3% to 5%.The authors conclude that it may be wishful thinking to assume that the gender wage gap will automatically close as more and more women take management positions. Instead, they argue that, for fundamental change to occur, the increasing number of women managers must be matched by an organizational culture that is keen on gender equality, fostering initiatives to reduce tokenism, and encouraging women to positively identify with their gender in the workplace. Working women are “leaning in” and supporting more females in leadership roles, but a new study finds that having a female manager doesn’t necessarily equate to higher salaries for female employees. In fact, women can sometimes take an earnings hit relative to their male colleagues when they go to work for a female manager.“Agents of Change or Cogs in the Machine? Re-examining the Influence of Female Managers on the Gender Wage Gap” (American Journal of Sociology, forthcoming) is co-authored by Sameer B. Srivastava, assistant professor, and Eliot L. Sherman, doctoral student–both at UC Berkeley’s Haas School of Business. The study examined how the salaries of both male and female employees changed when they switched from reporting to a male manager to reporting to a female manager (and vice versa).Whereas most previous research has suggested that female managers are “agents of change” who act in ways that reduce the gender wage gap, this study found no support for this assertion. In fact, a subset of switchers–low-performing women who switched to working for a high-performing female supervisor–fared worse financially, not better, than their male colleagues making a comparable switch. Pinterest Share on Facebook Email Share on Twitter Share
Share on Twitter Previous studies have shown that men find female faces more attractive when the women are ovulating, but the visual clues that allow this are unclear. Now, new research investigating whether it might be to do with subtle changes in skin colour has shown that women’s faces do increase in redness during ovulation, but the levels of change are just under the detectable range of the human eye.Researchers say this may mean that facial redness in females was once an involuntary signal for optimal fertility, but has since been “dampened” by evolution as it is more beneficial for females to hide or control outward signs of peak fertility.Involuntarily signalling ovulation can prevent longer-term investment from males. In primate species that advertise ovulation, males only express sexual interest in females when they appear to be fertile. In humans, ovulation is less conspicuous and sexual behaviour is not restricted to the period of peak fertility. Share on Facebook Email Pinterest The research, published today in the open-access journal PLOS ONE, is the most complete objective study of female faces during the ovulatory cycle, say researchers. Twenty-two women were photographed without make-up at the same time every working day for at least one month in the same environment and using a scientific camera modified to more accurately capture colour (usually used for studying camouflage in wildlife).A computer programme was designed to select an identical patch of cheek from each photograph. The participants also self-tested for hormone changes at key times dictated by the research team’s “period maths”.A surge in luteinising hormone told researchers that ovulation would occur in roughly the next 24 hours, so they knew which photographs were taken when the women were most fertile. The team converted the imagery into red/green/blue (RGB) values to measure colour levels and changes.They found that redness varied significantly across the ovulatory cycle, peaking at ovulation and remaining high during the latter stages of the cycle after oestrogen levels have fallen. Skin redness then dips considerably once menstruation begins. The research suggests facial redness closely maps fluctuations in body temperature during the cycle.However, when running the results through models of human visual perception, the largest average difference in redness was 0.6 units. A change of 2.2 units are needed to be detectable to the naked human eye.“Women don’t advertise ovulation, but they do seem to leak information about it, as studies have shown they are seen as more attractive by men when ovulating,” said Dr Hannah Rowland, from the University of Cambridge’s Zoology Department, who led the study with Dr Robert Burriss, a psychologist from Northumbria University.“We had thought facial skin colour might be an outward signal for ovulation, as it is in other primates, but this study shows facial redness is not what men are picking up on – although it could be a small piece of a much larger puzzle,” she said.Primates, including humans, are attracted to red, say the study’s authors. Women may subconsciously augment the naturally-occurring facial redness during ovulation through make-up such as blusher or red clothing, they say.“As far back as the 1970s, scientists were speculating that involuntary signals of fertility such as skin colour changes might be replaced with voluntary signals, such as clothing and behaviour,” said Burriss. “Some species of primate advertise their fertility through changes in the colour of their faces. Even if humans once advertised ovulation in this way, it appears that we don’t anymore.”It may be that, during ovulation, women have a greater propensity for blushing when around men they find attractive, say the researchers. “Other research has shown that when women are in the fertile phase of their cycle they are more flirtatious and their pupils dilate more readily, but only when they are thinking about or interacting with attractive men,” said Burriss. “We will need to do more research to find out if skin redness changes in the same way”.Rowland and Burriss first conceived of the experiment seven years ago, but it wasn’t until Rowland arrived at Cambridge that they were able to do the research, thanks to the University’s collegiate system. “We were able to recruit undergraduates in a number of colleges and photograph the women just before they had dinner in the college hall every evening. The collegiate routines and networks were vital to collecting data with such regularity,” said Rowland. Share LinkedIn
Pinterest Traditionally we have been told that the longer you work, the harder it is to maintain romantic relations. However, a new study from the journal Human Relations, published by SAGE in partnership with The Tavistock Institute, has found the opposite: that there is in fact no negative association between the hours worked and relationship satisfaction.In the study 285 couples took part to determine the effect of working hours on relationships. As the researchers explain:“Conventional wisdom and research seem to suggest that partners in dual career-couples have to decide whether they would rather risk their careers or their romantic relationship […] Our research questions the assumption that working longer hours is hazardous for all romantic relationships.” Share on Twitter LinkedIn Share on Facebook Email Share “Our study attempts to help answer the question of whether dual-career couples [relationships where both partners pursue their careers] should be hesitant to devote many hours to their work when they fear negative relationship consequences”, the researchers continue.By examining the associations between participants working time, private lives and happiness in their respective relationships, the researchers found that couples compensated for the time lost with their partners by making the most of time they have after work.The researchers explain how career driven people who are investing long hours into work, crucial in the pursuit of their career goals, are also aware that they can’t have everything in their private lives.As the researchers conclude:“[…] there was no negative association between working time and relationship satisfaction […] Our results challenge the common-sense assumption about a negative association between working time and relationship outcomes.”
Share on Facebook Email LinkedIn Pinterest Using data from the largest ever genetic study of schizophrenia, researchers have shed light on the role of the immune system.It had been suspected that the illness was an autoimmune disorder like multiple sclerosis, Crohn’s or rheumatoid arthritis where the immune system misfires and attacks the body. The international team led by Dr Jennie Pouget from the University of Toronto and Dr Jo Knight from Lancaster University have found strong evidence that schizophrenia is different.They tested the idea that genetic variants influencing immune function contribute to the disease but they found that the pattern in schizophrenia is not the same as in classic autoimmune disorders. Share on Twitter Among 108 regions of the genome previously linked to the schizophrenia, they found only six which act on both the immune system and the brain.Jennie Pouget said: “This doesn’t mean that the immune system isn’t involved at all but it could be involved in a completely different way.”People with schizophrenia show hallmarks of immune diseases such as prior infection and inflammation, supporting the idea that immune disturbances may play a role by disrupting the brain.However, it is not clear if these immune disturbances are a cause or a consequence of the illness and they themselves could be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental risk factors.Jo Knight said that the illness was also influenced by the environment.“For example, we know that schizophrenia is more likely if someone has had a severe infection requiring hospitalisation.This means that the involvement of the immune system could be environmental, like being exposed to a virus as a fetus in the womb.”They conclude that schizophrenia does not appear to be an autoimmune disease and that the illness could be caused by environmental risk factors which activate the immune response, like infections or stress ,although further research is needed.The study was published in Schizophrenia Bulletin. Share
Share on Facebook Pinterest LinkedIn Share on Twitter “Online dating apps should, in theory, help Millennials find sexual partners more easily,” she said. “However, technology may have the opposite effect if young people are spending so much time online that they interact less in person, and thus don’t have sex.”Concerns over personal safety and a media landscape saturated with reports of collegiate sexual abuse might also contribute to millennials’ sexual inactivity compared to previous generations, Twenge continued.“This generation is very interested in safety, which also appears in their reduced use of alcohol and their interest in ‘safe spaces’ on campus,” she said. “This is a very risk-averse generation, and that attitude may be influencing their sexual choices.”Other factors contributing to fewer millennials having sex could include the widespread availability of pornography, the historically high number of young adults living with their parents, the later age at first marriage, and increased access to instant entertainment online. The researchers published their findings this week in the journal Archives of Sexual Behavior.Today’s teens also appear to be less sexually active. According to the Centers for Disease Control’s Youth Risk Behavior Survey, the percentage of U.S. high school students who have ever had sex dropped from 51 percent in 1991 to 41 percent in 2015.“This generation appears to be waiting longer to have sex, with an increasing minority apparently waiting until their early twenties or later,” said Twenge. “It’s good news for sexual and emotional health if teens are waiting until they are ready. But if young adults forgo sex completely, they may be missing out on some of the advantages of an adult romantic relationship.” Share Since time immemorial, older generations have fretted over the sexual habits of young people. In today’s world, however, elders might just be wondering why young people are having so little sex, according to a new study by San Diego State University psychology professor Jean M. Twenge.A research team also including Ryne Sherman from Florida Atlantic University and Brooke Wells from Widener University analyzed data from 26,707 respondents to the General Social Survey, a nationally representative survey of U.S. adults that includes members of the current millennial generation and its predecessor, Generation X. The researchers found that today’s young people are less likely to have had sex since turning 18.According to Twenge, author of the book “Generation Me,” 15 percent of 20- to 24-year-olds born in the 1990s reported having no sexual partners since age 18, compared to only 6 percent of Generation X’ers when they were young adults. This sexual inactivity stands in stark contrast to the so-called “hookup culture” reportedly pervasive among Millennials: More are not having sex at all, much less hooking up with multiple partners. Email
Pinterest LinkedIn Share New research provides insight into why some people choose to have multiple romantic relationships at the same time. The findings suggest that this arrangement — known as polyamory or consensual non-monogamy — can help individuals have a greater set of their needs met.Our new study, which has been published in Social Psychology, was the first to examine the roles that different partners within polyamorous relationships play in meeting a person’s needs for eroticism and nurturance.Often, in relationships, the sexual intensity is high in the early stages — couples tend to have frequent sex and report high desire and passion. But as the relationship progresses, the sexual intensity tends to fade, while comfort, closeness, and intimacy tend to increase. Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Email So, this suggests that it might be hard for partners in exclusive monogamous relationships to simultaneously have their needs for eroticism (sexual intensity, pleasure, and passion) and nurturance (comfort and security) met.In polyamorous relationships, where all parties agree that additional sexual or romantic relationships are permitted, partners may be more likely to have these needs met simultaneously, since they can diversify the fulfilment of their needs via multiple relationships.The growing body of research on consensually non-monogamous relationships has found that polyamorous relationships can be as satisfying and intimate as monogamous relationships, but in my work, I want to understand the factors that are linked with satisfaction and intimacy in polyamorous relationships.One of the unique aspects of polyamorous relationships is that couples can diversify sexual and relational need fulfillment across different partners, but we know little from a research perspective about how people do this. The goal of the current research was to determine if people in polyamorous relationships are able to experience greater levels of both eroticism and nurturance in comparison to people who are in monogamous exclusive relationships.To test these ideas, we recruited a large sample of individuals who were in monogamous (N = 2,183) and polyamorous (N = 1168) relationships. We asked participants about their experiences of eroticism and nurturance, as well as their sexual satisfaction and closeness with their partners.Those who were polyamorous and were in multiple relationships were asked about their primary partner, or the partner with whom they have been with longer and have ongoing commitments with, and also about their secondary partner, or the partner with whom they have been with for less time and who they have less ongoing commitments with.Our results suggest that people who are polyamorous and have multiple relationships experience greater nurturance with primary partners (compared to secondary and monogamous partners) and greater eroticism with secondary partners (compared to primary and monogamous partners). Furthermore, we found that eroticism and nurturance were in most instances associated with reports of closeness and sexual satisfaction — so experiencing those sexual steamy feelings for a partner, as well as experiencing emotional support, security, and care, seem to benefit our relationships.One key takeaway is that people in polyamorous relationships do seem to diversify their need fulfillment across their relationships and this may allow them to experience the best of both worlds (high eroticism and nurturance simultaneously).This does not mean that everyone should engage in polyamory but suggests that there might be benefits to diversifying need fulfillment and relying on different people to meet different needs. Although people in monogamous relationships are not permitted to have their sexual needs met outside of the relationship, they may be able to diversify their need fulfillment in other ways — for example, by seeking out friends and family to meet needs for support, adventure, or intellectual stimulation.Although people in polyamorous relationships reported higher nurturance and eroticism — so possibly greater need fulfillment overall — we saw mixed results when testing how having needs met in one relationship was associated with satisfaction and closeness in the other relationship. For example, we found that when polyamorous individuals reported more eroticism with their secondary partner, they reported greater closeness with a primary partner. However, greater eroticism with a primary partner was associated with less closeness with the secondary partner.Taken together, these findings suggest that although multiple relationship may help individuals meet their needs for eroticism and nurturance, experiences with one partner do not always enhance a concurrent relationship, though more research is needed to understand how having one’s needs met across multiple relationships is associated with intimacy and satisfaction in each relationship, as well as overall need fulfillment.As with any study, there are several caveats and future directions that arise from this work.One key question that the current research cannot address is whether experiencing eroticism and nurturance from non-romantic partners, in the face of low levels of eroticism and nurturance in a relationship, can compensate for unsatisfactory levels in one’s relationship(s).The question I would like to follow-up on from this work is whether these findings extend outside of relationships — for example, are there benefits for people in monogamous relationships when they diversify their needs (e.g., have friends and family meet needs for nurturance, and have outside sources like pornography help them meet their needs for eroticism)?Also, we are just starting to learn about the unique processes that are associated with satisfaction and intimacy in polyamorous relationships, and in future research it would be ideal to follow polyamorous people over time to see how changes in eroticism and nurturance across different relationships contribute to satisfaction and intimacy with partners.Everything we currently know about eroticism and nurturance in romantic relationships is based on monogamous relationships, since the vast majority of research is based on people in monogamous relationships. The current research sheds some light on how people might maintain sexual intensity and passion as well as comfort and security when they are navigating multiple sexual and romantic relationships.Beyond this, I would like to thank my co-authors on this work, Chris Dharma, Dr. Amy Muise, and Dr. Taylor Kohut. I would also like to thank the individuals who participated in this research- this work would not be possible without them.
Email Share on Facebook Researchers have identified a pattern of electrical brain activity that predicts shyness in children. The findings, which appear in the Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, provides new information about the neurobiological foundations of shyness.“Although research has examined developmental outcomes of shyness, we know comparably less about the developmental origins of shyness. We were interested in this topic in order to further our understanding of how biological processes may be related to the longitudinal development of shyness in childhood,” said study author Kristie Poole, a PhD Candidate in Developmental Psychology at McMaster University.The study of 37 children and their mothers found that frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) asymmetry was associated with increases in shyness in boys and girls. Pinterest Share Share on Twitter “We examined how patterns of frontal brain activity in children were related to their levels of shyness across five repeated assessments spanning age 6 to 8 years. Previous work has illustrated the individuals with greater relative right frontal brain activity may have underlying biases to process, experience, and express the emotion of fear,” Poole told PsyPost.“Given that shyness has been hypothesized to be related to the emotion of fear, we wished to see how right frontal brain activity was related to the development of shyness. We found that children with greater relative right frontal brain activity experienced increases in shyness from age 6 to 8 years.”“These preliminary findings suggest that biological correlates of fear processing may be related to shyness in early childhood.”But the study — like all research — includes some limitations.“The results should be interpreted with appropriate caution as the sample size was relatively small. As well, maternal-report of shyness was used, which is subject to reporting biases. It will be important for future work to replicate the preliminary findings using a larger sample of children and additional measures of shyness,” Poole said.“It is important to note that in the current study we examined one predictor of shyness. We acknowledge that there are multiple additional influences on the development of shyness beyond brain activity including genes and environmental factors such as peers and parents.”The study, “Frontal Brain Asymmetry and the Trajectory of Shyness Across the Early School Years“, Kristie L. Poole, Diane L. Santesso, Ryan J. Van Lieshout, and Louis A. Schmidt. LinkedIn